This study concerns itself with the 8th to early 12th dynasties. A period allegedly interpreted by the Egyptians themselves as a period of change and divided into a time of decline and a time of restoration or renaissance. Antonia Giewekemeyer reconsiders these Egyptological reconstructions by both analysing their scholarly development and by surveying the available contemporaneous Egyptian sources. As a result, she argues that the Egyptian sources emphasise continuation and coherence instead of restauration or renaissance. Furthermore, she demonstrates how the modern experience of change affected and finally misled Egyptological reconstructions.