Widmaier Verlag Hamburg

StudMon volume


Coptic, the latest phase of the Ancient ­Egyptian language, existed from beginning to end in a multi­lingual space. The indigenous Egyptian language had been in contact with Greek – and other languages – from the first millennium BCE, as well as Arabic, since the Arab conquest of Egypt in 641 CE. In effect, this is the earliest and best-attested situation of stable language contact in the ancient world. It is also a rich source for studies on lexical borrowing, since about 5000 loanwords from Greek and some 500 from Arabic form part of the lexicon of Coptic at various stages. These loanwords are documented in a wide ­variety of genres and registers, from the language of ­theology to that of science and everyday life. The ­focus of the volume is mainly lexical borrowing from Greek into Coptic, but other aspects will be treated as well, e.g., the sociolinguistic situation of Greek and Coptic, Coptic loanwords in Greek, Arabic loanwords in Coptic, and pre-Coptic ­evidence for lexical borrowing. A special focus will be on the sociolinguistic and functional aspects of lexical borrowing in Coptic.

1 Linguistic Introduction

Pieter Muysken,
Using Scenarios in Language Contact Studies: Linguistic Borrowing into Coptic

2 Views on Language Contact in Roman and Byzantine Egypt

Roger S. Bagnall,
Zones of Interaction between Greek and Egyptian in Roman Egypt
Joachim Friedrich Quack,
How the Coptic Script Came About
Sofía Torallas Tovar,
The Reverse Case: Egyptian Borrowing in Greek
Ewa D. Zakrzewska,
“A Bilingual Language Variety” or “the Language of the Pharaohs”? Coptic from the Perspective of Contact Linguistics

3 Borrowing from Greek into Coptic: Issues and Findings

Mathew Almond,
An Introduction and Overview to Greek Adjectives in Coptic
Barbara Egedi,
Remarks on Loan Verb Integration into Coptic
Eitan Grossman,
Dialectal Variation and Language Change: The Case of Greek Loan-Verb Integration Strategies in Coptic
Andrea Hasznos,
Syntactic Patterns Used after Verbs of Exhorting
Matthias Müller,
Greek Connectors in Coptic. A Contrastive Overview I
Elsa Oréal,
Greek Causal Discourse Markers in Coptic Letters: A Case Study in the Pragmatics of Code-Switching
Stéphane Polis & Eitan Grossman,
Polysemy Networks in Language Contact: The Borrowing of the Greek-Origin Preposition κατά/ⲕⲁⲧⲁ in Coptic
Wolf-Peter Funk,
Differential Loan across the Coptic Literary Dialects
Nathalie Bosson,
Loanwords in Early Bohairic (B4): Problematics and Main Features
Anne Boud’hors,
Greek Loanwords in Fayyumic Documentary Texts
Ariel Shisha-Halevy,
A Structural-Interferential View of Greek Elements in Shenoute
Heike Behlmer,
Differentiating Lexical Borrowing according to Semantic Fields and Text Types: A Case Study

4 Borrowing from Semitic Languages into Egyptian-Coptic

Jean Winand,
Identifying Semitic Loanwords in Late Egyptian
Tonio Sebastian Richter,
Borrowing into Coptic, the Other Story: Arabic Words in Coptic Texts